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Grotta della Bàsura (the Witch's cave)

The Bàsura Cave, known since last century thanks to the explorations of don Nicolò Morelli Canonico, a scholar from Pietra Ligure, is without doubt the most spectacular.  In 1950, some spelunking enthusiasts from Toirano discovered a series of internal amphitheaters following a 450-meter path, and notable for the richness and variety of their natural concretions.

For millenniums, the cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) found refuge in this cave, using it to hibernate; its presence is attested by a large number of bone remains, ground paw prints, and claw marks on the walls.

Of particular interest are testimonials of prehistoric human presence, recently dated to approximately 12,000-12,500 years ago; there are foot, hand and knee prints and, in the “mysteries amphitheater”, numerous small balls of clay stuck to the wall on which they were thrown, likely as a ritual. These are clues of Upper Paleolithic human presence. These people were local hunter-gatherers using this cave for ritual purposes rather than shelter.

In 1960, discoverers demolished the last calcareous diaphragm and laid eyes on the Bàsura Cave. From here, the tunnel, dug out of a magnificent alabaster flow, winds onward, passing through imposing rooms rich in breast-shaped concretions (“Cibele’s Cavern”).

la Grotta della b� sura

The discovery

Grotte di Toirano

Explore Toirano’s Caves together with those who first discovered them[..]

School trip

School trip

Toirano’s Caves, an ideal destination for school kids of all age groups, represen[..]