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Upper Santa Lucia Cave

The entrance to Upper Santa Lucia Cave lies a few meters above Lower Santa Lucia Cave. Known since Medieval times, it hosts, in its anterior portion, a Sanctuary which dates back to the 15th and 16th centuries. Behind the altar, the cavity features a straight 240-meter corridor. On its walls are numerous inscriptions left by pilgrims since the Sanctuary’s beginnings.


Archaeological excavations conducted in 1960 around the altar, about 40 meters from the entrance, uncovered stone tools attributed to the Mousterian culture and manufactured by Neanderthals during the last glacial period, between 80,000 e 40,000 years ago. Recent studies indicate that the deepest layers uncovered could be even older, up to 200-250,000 years. In this case, the first user of the Cave could have been the archaic form of Homo sapiens, also known as Homo heidelbergensis.

la Grotta di Santa Lucia Superiore

The discovery

Grotte di Toirano

Explore Toirano’s Caves together with those who first discovered them[..]

School trip

School trip

Toirano’s Caves, an ideal destination for school kids of all age groups, represen[..]